Support for storing uploaded and generated images and documents on external services.


This module stores uploaded files and generated preview-images on an external S3-compatible service. It listens for medium and file related notifications for any newly uploaded or generated files.

If a file is added then the file is queued in an upload queue. After a delay a separate process polls this queue and will upload the file to the external service.

If a file is needed and not locally available then the mod_filestore module will check its file registry to see if the file is stored on an external service. If so then then a filezcache process is added and a download of the file is started.

The file is served from the filezcache whilst it is being downloaded.

The filezcache will stop the entry after a random amount of time—if the entry was not recently used.


S3 configuration

Configure the following permissions on your S3 service for mod_filestore to work correctly:

Resource Permissions
  • s3:ListBucket
  • s3:GetObject
  • s3:PutObject
  • s3:DeleteObject
  • s3:GetObject
  • s3:PutObject
  • s3:DeleteObject (if file deletion is enabled)
  • s3:GetObject
  • s3:PutObject
  • s3:DeleteObject (if file deletion is enabled)

mod_filestore configuration

After the mod_filestore is enabled an extra menu entry ‘Cloud File Store’ is added to the ‘System’ menu in the admin.

Selecting the menu will show the configuration panel for the Could File Store.


Here you can define where the files should be stored and give the credentials to access the storage.

If you save the url and credentials then the system will try to upload a small file to the remote storage. If it succeeds then the configuration is saved. If it does not succeed then an error message will be displayed and the configuration will not be changed.

It is possible to (temporarily) disable uploading new files by unchecking the checkbox Upload new files to the cloud.

File deletion

You can also configure file deletion behaviour, i.e. what should happen when a file is removed from Zotonic. You can choose to immediately remove the file from the filestore, not delete it at all (to make your store immutable) or delete the file after a certain delay (to be able to restore accidentally deleted files).


The system shows statistics:

All medium records and a sum of the sizes. A single medium record can have 0, 1 or 2 files attached.
Local Files
These are all files found in the files directory, this includes files that won’t ever be uploaded.
Cloud Files
All files registered to be on any cloud service. This is extracted from the database and not by scanning the remote cloud service.
These are the queues being processed by mod_filestore. On a quiet (stable) system they are usually empty.

Moving files

It is possible to move (almost) all files from the local file system to the cloud. And vice versa, from the cloud to the local file system. This is useful when starting or changing the cloud storage location.

If a file is moved to the cloud then it is first placed in the filezcache. The filezcache will start purging the files if the cache is bigger than configurated in the filezcache application (default 10GB for all sites combined).

The system waits 10 minutes before a queued file is uploaded. This period is meant for a cool down of the file, as in the first moments after an upload some resize and preview operations will take place. The delay makes it less probable that a freshly uploaded file vanishes (to the cache) whilst a preview-generation is starting.


The mod_filestore hooks into the following notifications, whose definitions can be found in zotonic_file.hrl:

Hooks into the Zotonic file management notifications to upload, delete or lookup files. This will trigger downloads of external files and interfaces to the filezcache.
Maps a local path and optional resource id to a service, external location and key/password for that external service. This can be used to store different resources on different external services.
Maps a cloud file service and location to a key, password and request location.
Queues newly inserted medium files into the upload queue.
To add the Cloud File Store menu to the admin.


The filestore uses the s3filez and filezcache Erlang applications.


This application is used for uploading, downloading and deleting files on S3 compatible services. It provides asynchronous services and is compatible with the filezcache application. It is also able to stream files to and from the external S3 service, this makes it possible to have start serving a file before it is downloaded to the filezcache.


This application manages a cache of downloaded files. The cache is shared between all sites. Every cache entry is managed by its own process, which can stream newly received data directly to any requesting processes.

The filezcache keeps a presistent disk_log with a description of all files in the cache. This log is read on startup to repopulate the cache with already present files. For each file the size and a hash is stored to check cache consistency.

The filezcache has a garbage collector. It keeps a pool of randomly selected cache entries, from which it will elect randomly processes to be garbage-collected. The processes themselves will decide if they will stop or not.

After a cache process stops it will keep running for a short period to handle late incoming requests.

Filezcache entries are started by the mod_filestore and filled by either moving a local file to the cache or by s3filez download processes.

Edit on GitHub



The filestore uses two tables for its administration.

Dispatch rules


Dispatch rules Name Path Resource Args admin_filestore [“admin”,”filestore”] controller_admin [{template

See also


The filestore uses two tables for its administration.

Referred by

All dispatch rules

All the dispatch rules from all modules. For a background on dispatch rules, see The URL dispatch system.


mod_backup serves two different purposes: it makes a nightly backup of your files and database, and can also backup…